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 Sir Samuel WAY - his ancestors and descendants

Sir Samuel James WAY

Male 1836 - 1916  (79 years)


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  • Name Samuel James WAY 
    Title Sir 
    Born 11 Apr 1836  Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, UK Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Check whether he was born in Portsmouth or Portsea.
    Gender Male 
    Education * Schooling at Shebbear, North Devon (this college had been founded by his father) and also educated at a private school run by a Unitarian minister in Chatham, Kent.
    * The rest of his family migrated in 1850 but he remained back to continue his schooling and he then joined his family more than two years later when he migrated in March 1853.
    * Article clerk
    * 5 honorary doctorates - see achievements.
    * Samuel only had 5? (ref: Emerson) years of schooling and never studied law or any other discipline at university. Despite this, he became a Barrister then was Supreme Court judge for 40 years, and Chancellor of Adelaide University for xxx years.  
    Migration Migration : Samuel migrated to South Australia in 6th March 1853 when 17 years old. His parents had migrated two and half years earlier, with his four younger siblings because Samuel delayed his migration so that he could complete his schooling at Kent.  
    Achievements & main events * Samuel migrated to Adelaide as a 17 year old in 1853, when the colony was also only 17 years old.
    * Initially he had to look round for a job and made applications for employment as a clerk in a bank, the post office and a mining company - all of which were refused. Eventually he obtained employment as a junior clerk in a solicitor's office, John Tuthill Bagot.
    * He soon joined another solicitor's office and became articled to Alfred Atkinson
    * Admitted to the Bar of South Australia as a barrister, solicitor, attorney and proctor on 25th March, 1861 - he was aged 26 years.
    * From then on his rise in the legal profession was meteoric. At the time of his admission there were only about 30 legal practitioners in South Australia.
    * Principal (leading partner, owner) of his law firm which soon became the preeminent law firm in Adelaide.
    * Appointed Queens Council Sept 1871
    * His career as a lawyer, including some of his more noteworthy judgements, are outlined in the Australian Dictionary of Biography and detailed by Hannan.
    * Appointed to the Committee of the Adelaide Homoepathic Dispensary in 1871 (ref : Centre of Australian Homeopathic History)
    * Member of the Education Board in 1874
    * Member of the Council of University of Adelaide 1874
    * Member of the House of Assembly of South Australia 1875 - member for Sturt
    * Attorney General 1875
    * Appointed Chief Justice 18th March 1876
    * Helped establish Adelaide Children's Hospital - President from 1876 to 1915
    * Vice-chancellor of Adelaide University 1876
    * Chancellor of Adelaide University since 1883
    * Lieut Governor :-
    - In 1877, 1878, 1879 and 1883. He filled in as Governor on sixty occasions, for a total of six years and 279 days. This is longer than any permanent Governor in the entire British Empire had served. (ref : The Register, 10th Jan 1916 - from Emerson, p 55).
    - Late in 1890 he was appointed lieutenant-governor of South Australia for life. Governor Kintore made this arrangement with the Imperial authorities without cabinet's knowledge.
    - HOWEVER - He is not listed among the Lieut Govs on the official website (reF: http://governor.sa.gov.au)
    * President of the Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of SA 1893 to 1908 (15 years)
    * World tour in 1890 and was fêted in England. And he went there again in 1897.
    * While in England, he visited Shebbear College which his father had founded and which Samuel had attended for a couple of years. He presented the prizes at its annual speech day and concluded his speech by presenting to the school the title deeds of the adjacent farm called Lake Farm. This farm had been the initial base for the commencement of the Bible Christians 75 years before. (ref : Hannan, p3). The college still derives income from the farm.
    * In 1897 Way returned to England to take his seat on the Privy Council. (An Imperial Act of 1895 allowed up to five colonial judges to enter the judicial committee of the Privy Council. Way was chosen as the Australasian representative.) He heard appeals from India, China, South Africa, Jamaica and New South Wales. He returned to Australia after less than a year on the council.
    * Honorary doctorates :-
    - Oxford 1891 (in civil law)
    - Adelaide 1892
    - Queens College Kingston Canada 1895
    - Cambridge University 1897
    - Melbourne University in 1901
    * Knighthood : see separate heading
    * Freemason : see separate heading
    * Judge of the Vice-Admiralty court
    * Member of the Executive Council
    * Methodist :-
    - Staunch member of the Methodist Conference.
    - He helped to effect the union in 1900 of the three Methodist sects into the United Methodist Church of Australia and New Zealand
    * President of the Blind, Deaf and Dumb Institution,
    * South Australian Society of Arts
    * Empire League,
    * Royal Society of St George
    * Zoological Society.
    * At Kadlunga he grazed the improved Shropshire sheep which he had introduced into Australia.
    * He was described as follows. "There was a touch of vanity about him, and an element of the complacency and self-satisfaction of his era. For all that, Way was by nineteenth-century standards a great man who left an enduring mark on South Australian life. Beatrice Webb had found him a 'grizzled, bearded little man, insignificant in features, voluble and diffusive in speech, with more authority than dignity in his manner; he neither pleases nor impresses - At first he seems a fussy little Methodist - presently you discover that he is both good and wise. With intimacy one learns to appreciate his wide experience of men and things, his large-minded cultivation and above all his continuous application in advancing what he believes to be right". (ref : Australian Dictionary of Biography).
    * He was sometimes ostracized because he had gained high office in the judiciary and universities without studying law or any other university degrees. He was awarded five honorary doctorates late in his life.


     
    Achievements & main events Books and articles written by Sir Samuel:-
    * Diaries - Publicly available. Samuel kept diaries over the years - they occupied several yards of shelf space.
    * Diaries - Not available - some were burned by one of his sisters after his death.
    * Supreme court judgements and other legal documents
    * Report of the welfare inquiry he chaired
    * The Port Adelaide Institute. Library - Articles reprinted from the "S.A. Register" to which are added critical notes by S.J. Way et al. - 33 pages- published in Adelaide in 1893 by W. K. Thomas, 1893
    * History of South Australia : a romantic and successful experiment in colonization / by John Blacket ; foreword by Sir Samuel Way. (2nd ed. rev. and enlarged and continued to a later period by John Blacket) ? copy in Alexandrina Libraries-Goolwa - page "Second edition printed 1911. Reprint of this edition in August 1979 a s a limited edition of 500 numbered copies of which this book is copy no 423". Facsimile reprint. This edition first published, Adelaide: Hussey & Gillingham, 1911. Previous ed. published as The early history of South Australia : a romantic experiment in colonization, 1836-1857. Adelaide : Methodist Book Depot, 1907 (Adelaide : Vardon & Sons)

     
    Achievements & main events Community features named after Samuel :-
    * One of the wards of the Adelaide Children's Hospital is named after Sir Samuel.
    * There is a statue of Sir Samuel in North Terrace, near the University of Adelaide - unveiled on 17 November 1924.
    * His portrait is in the Supreme Court
    * The City Courts on Victoria Square, Adelaide are named 'Sir Samuel Way Building' in 1983 - this building was originally Moores Store and was converted into the courts.
    * Way Hall within the Adelaide Central Mission
    * Samuel Way Drive in Beachport, SA
    * Sir Samuel Way Masonic Lodge - in Blackwood, SA
    * One of the three houses at Shebbear in Devon is called Way - this might have been named for Samuel's father, who founded the college, rather than Samuel himself.
    * Way College in Greenhill Rd, Wayville - This was NOT named after Sir Samuel ? rather, it was named after his father.
    * Hundred of Way, via Elliston - probably NOT named after Sir Samuel
    * Geological features in the Goldfields, WA - Mount Sir Way, Lake Way and the township called Sir Samuel (now deserted) - see separate section.  
    Achievements & main events Freemasonry :
    * In 1862, at the age of 26, Samuel joined the Freemasons and was initiated into the Lodge of Harmony.
    * Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Freemasons of SA 1884-9, 1895-1916
    * Pro Grand Master 1889-95
    * In 1897 in London he presented a jubilee address to H.M. Queen Victoria on behalf of the Grand Lodges of South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and New Zealand at a meeting of 7000 Masons held at the Albert Hall.
    * Conferred the rank of Past Grand Warden of the United Grand Lodge of England by the Grand Master, H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, who presided at this meeting in Albert Hall.
    * "Samuel James Way joined Freemasonry in 1862 when he was initiated in Lodge of Harmony (then No. 505 EC) on 13 October. In 1871 he "called off", rejoining as an active member in February 1884. In 1889 he became a foundation member of Lodge St Alban, and remained a member of both lodges until his death. In 1901 a new lodge, Sir Samuel Way Lodge No. 48, was founded in Stirling West. Way laid the foundation stone of this lodge's hall on 21 November 1914, and his last appearance as Grand Master was to dedicate the new Masonic Hall on 12 December 1915, less than a month before his death from cancer. After Samuel Way rejoined Freemasonry in 1884 his rise in Freemasonry was spectacular. In 1883 there were 33 Masonic lodges in South Australia, 20 working under the English Constitution, 7 under the Irish and 6 under the Scottish. In July 1883 a committee had been set up under the chairmanship of R.W. Bro. H.M. Addison to consider the formation of a Grand Lodge of South Australia. The committee worked swiftly and efficiently and by the end of 1883, out of 2043 contributing members of the Craft, 1625 had given their written consent to join the proposed union, and only 43 had voted against. Way at this time was a member of Lodge of Harmony No. 505 E.C. but his highest rank in that lodge was Inner Guard. He took no part in the proceedings which resulted in the formation of the new Grand Lodge. However, he was an outstanding citizen and was duly elected as Grand Master Mason. On 16th April 1884, a convention of delegates assembled at the Masonic Hall, Flinders Street, and passed a resolution establishing the Grand Lodge of South Australia. The Past Master's degree was then conferred on Way, the Grand Master-elect. The following day at the Adelaide Town Hall, in the presence of about 1000 Freemasons, he and his Grand Lodge officers were duly installed. At the banquet held at the Town Hall on that evening, 450 brethren attended (and there was no less than 22 speeches). Though Way had played little part in Masonic affairs prior to his becoming Grand Master, thereafter he proved himself a very able and enthusiastic leader of the Craft in South Australia. It was largely through his advocacy that the new Grand Lodge was recognized by the Grand Lodges of England, Ireland and Scotland. He was the installing Grand Master when Lord Carrington, Governor of New South Wales, was installed as Grand Master of the United Grand Lodge of New South Wales. He also assisted at the installations of the first Grand Masters of Victoria and Tasmania. It was on his petition that H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England, consented to become Patron of the Grand Lodge of South Australia. Way was Grand Master of our Grand Lodge from 1884 to 1889, and (again) from 1895 until his death in 1916. In 1889 he installed as his successor the Rt. Hon. the Earl of Kintore, P.C., G.C.M.G., the Governor of South Australia and he himself was installed as Pro Grand Master during the five years of the Earl's reign as Grand Master. When in England in 1897 he assisted H.R.H. the Duke of Clarence to install Lord Carrington as Provincial Grand Master of Buckinghamshire." (ref: from http://www.freemasonrysaust.org.au/sjway.html)
    * "SIR SAMUEL WAY'S MASONIC CAREER. In a touching appreciation of the life of the late Grand Master the "South Australian Freemason" says: - Sir Samuel Way began his Masonic career in Lodge of Harmony, in which he was initiated on October 13, 1862, and in January following was raised to the Sublime degree of a master Mason; When the English and Scottish constitutions were merged, under the tegis of the constitution, of the Grand Lodge of South Australia. Sir Samuel was elected first Grand Master, which position he held continuously, with the exception of some six years, during which the Earl of Kintore occupied the chair. The latter appointed Sir Samuel Pro Grand Master, so that throughout the almost thirty-two years' existence of Grand Lodge he had been continuously in office, either as Grand Master or Pro Grand Master. He had the almost unique experience of being installed as master of his mother lodge some sixteen years after his appointment as Grand Master. In 1900 the Lodge of Harmony elected Sir Samuel as worshipful master, and he filled the chair, nominally at least - for his professional duties were engrossing for a year. At the inauguration of the Supreme Grand Chapter of the Royal Arch Masons, in 1886, the Grand Master, by virtue of his office, became Grand First Principal. Similarly, when the Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons was founded he was appointed Grand Master. Sir Samuel was also first eminent preceptor of the Earl of Ewston Precentory, No. 169, of Knights Templary, and in 1902 was elected as the most wise sovereign of the Earl of Euston Rose Croix Chapter, No. 147. On the retirement of Sir James Penn Boucaut from the position of provincial prior of Knights Templary of South and Western Australia, the Masonic honor was conferred upon our Grand Master. On the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of her late Majesty Queen Victoria Sir Samuel presented the congratulatory address from the Freemasons of Australia and New Zealand to the Prince, of Wales, who conferred upon the Masonic envoy the rank of Grand Warden of England. It is astonishing that with such a full life Sir Samuel found time to devote to Freemasonry and interest himself in the mystic art. And yet, as he once remarked, he was never happier, than when amongst his Masonic brethren. And in this regard it is well to reflect that the final duty which he discharged in life was Masonic in character - the dedication of the lodge bearing his name, 'Now the laborer's task is o'er," and the tired, disease wracked body has been laid to rest, leaving as a heritage to his fellows the noble example of a usefully directed life. Sir Samuel will ever be remembered as a learned and courteous gentleman, a grand exemplar of Freemasonry, and a well beloved citizen." (ref : Adelaide Advertiser, 17th Jan 1916, p 6)
     
    Achievements & main events Geographical features named after Samuel:
    * Three features, Mount Sir Samuel, Mount Way and Lake Way were named after Sir Samuel Way.
    * They are in the Mid West region of Western Australia, to the east of the Goldfields Highway between Leinster and Wiluna. The highway and the towns did not come into existence until later.
    * All three features were named by explorer Lawrence Wells, 'the last of the great inland explorers', who was on a surveying expedition in the area in 1892. (Ref: Australian Dictionary of Biography) [Question : The timing is puzzling because Samuel was not knighted until 1899]
    * Mt Sir Samuel was definitely named after him - this was confirmed by Landgate (ref: (ref: (ref: http://www0.landgate.wa.gov.au/maps-and-imagery/wa-geographic-names/name-history/historical-town-names#S). Although it is highly probable, we have not yet confirmed that the Mt Way and Lake Way were named for him.
    * In subsequent developments, many other entities in that area bear his name. These were not named directly after him - they were named after the features rather than the man.
    * Mt Sir Samuel : It is 524 meters above sea level, 23 kilometres north of Leinster.
    * Lake Way: This is an ephemeral dry saline lake located appoximately 15 kilometres south of Wiluna. It runs roughly parallel to the Leinster-Wiluna road, which is part of the Goldfields Highway. The lake is dry except during exceptional floods when it can stretch to 46,000 hectares such as occurred in 1900, 1942, 1963, repeatedly from 1992 to 2001 and in 2006. Lawrence Wells chose Lake Way as the starting point for his ill-fated Calvert Scientific Exploring Expedition in 1896. (ref: Australian Dictionary of Biography)
    * Mt Way: It is located just south of Lake Way.
    * Mt Samuel: There is a Mt Samuel in the Flinders Ranges but we have not reason to believe that it was named after Sir Samuel.
    * Town of Sir Samuel: This is an abandoned township located near Mount Sir Samuel. For more details about this see the document attached to the bottom of this profile.
    * Lake Way Station: A pastoral lease cattle station named after Lake Way which is within the station boundaries on the northern side. The station is situated approximately 46 kilometres south east of Wiluna and 110 kilometres north of Leinster. It once operated as a cattle station and now operates as a sheep station. (ref: Wikepdia)
    * Uranium Project: Lake Way is the site of one of the proposed Toro Energy uranium mining projects in Western Australia, the Centipede-Lake Way project. (ref: Wikipedia). It was undergoing environmental approvals in 2016.
    * Sir Samuel Geological Area - WA Mines Department
    * Lake Way Gold: was the original name of Wiluna
    * Sir Samuel Guest House in Leinster
    * Lake Way Hotel in Wiluna
    * What relevance has all this to our family history? Although Lawrence Wells was from Adelaide and Sir Samuel Way was the most prominent citizen there at that time, we do not know specifically why Wells chose to name these remote features after him. Did Samuel learn that they were so named?. Would he have been pleased? Probably. Did he hear of the intense developments supporting the gold diggings in his life time?. Perhaps. But Samuel would not have lived long enough know of the subsequent demise of the town. And of course he could not have conceived the potential for uranium activity a century later.
     
    Achievements & main events Health : Samuel's left arm was amputated because of sacoma - in July 1914, in Sydney by Sir Alexander MacCormick. Characteristically, Way wrote an eleven-page description of his journeys to Sydney and back, the operation and his convalescence. 
    Achievements & main events Knighthood :
    * Samuel accepted a baronetcy in 2nd August 1899.
    * Title : "Baronet Sir Samuel Way of Montifiore and Kadlunga Mintaro".
    * "The Queen has been pleased, by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to grant the dignity of a Baronet of the said United Kingdom unto the Right Honourable Samuel James Way, of Montefiore, North Adelaide, and Kadlunga, Mintaro, both in the Colony of South Australia, Lieutenant-Governor, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, of the said Colony, Chancellor of the University of Adelaide, and Member for the Australasian Colonies of the Judicial Committee of her Majesty's Privy Council, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten." Declared in Whitehall on 15th March 1900. (ref : The London Gazette, March 16, 1900, p 1791)
    * "His stated aim in waiting so long before accepting such an honour was because he was "neither rich enough nor ambitious enough to throw away money in pedigree hunting", but it was taken with some haste less than a year after his marriage. Thus although he had been clamouring for high honours for since twenty years, his refusal of a basic knighthood three times between 1876 and 1881 (on the ground that he wanted a KCMG) and his refusal of a KCMG in 1898 (on the ground that as a Privy Councillor and Lieutenant-Governor he merited a GCMG) may have been a clever and calculated ruse." (ref : Parkinson, p 252)
    * The title was not perpetual and became extinct when he died. [Question : Extinction needs to be checked. Are there two kinds of baroncy - perpetual and non-perpetual?. The declaration stated "... and heirs male of his body lawfully begotten" (ref : London Gazette, 16th March 1900, p 1791). If in fact it was perpetual this would heighten the dramas around paternity because although he did not have any "heirs male of his body lawfully" he activity hid the fact that he had 5 illegitimate sons - one of whom became a knight in his own right but Samuel died well before this, so never had the pleasure of knowing. Some on-line genealogies have Donald Gollan Way as the legitimate son of Samuel and Kitty - but this is not correct.]


     
    Achievements & main events Lineage :
    * Parents : James WAY and Jane, nee WILLIS
    * Paternal grandparents : John WAY and Elizabeth, nee ROWDEN
    * Maternal grandparents : Edward WILLIS and ???
    * Siblings : Samuel, Edward, Elizabeth, Jane and Florence
    * Spouse 1 : Susannah Mary GOODING - not public acknowledged - commenced when he was about 29 years and she was 22 years, until Susannah's death in 1988 when Samuel was
    * Spouse 2 : Kitty GORDON/GOLLAN/BLUE in 1898
    * Children (with Susannah) : James, Frank, Alfred, Florence and Edward
    * Step-children (through Susannah) : John and Lydia
    * Step-children (through Kitty) : Sinclair, Archibald, William and Shylie
    * Grandchildren
    ALTERNATIVE: On the other hand, the lineage has been traced back further by rmarkday (mundia) as follows but this is probably a different family because Samuel's grandfather(James's father) was definitely John, not Abraham.
    * The parents of James were Abraham WAY 1739-1809 and Unknown. They had another son, George 1770 who married Mary. George and Mary had a son, James in 1797.
    * The parents of Abraham were Joseph WAY 1704-1775 and Elizabeth CHAPLE 1701-1774. They also had a daughter, Anne 1736-1750.
    * The parents of Elizabeth were Edward CHAPLE (1667-1702) and Agnes HARVEY (1667-1709)
    * The parents of Joseph were George WAY 1677 and Mary LANE 1678. They also had Henry (1712-1793, Mary 1715-1715, Abraham 1718-1735, Jacob 1722-1722, Isaac 1722-1767, and David 1726.
    * Mary Staggard said that George WAY and Mary LANE had three other children - Joseph, John and George. And the child George was the father of Lilly who was Mary Staggard's grandmother.
    * All this needs to be checked out. 
    Notes for biography Death : Soon after Kitty had died in 1914, Samuel was diagnosed with cancer. Despite having his left arm amputated, the cancer returned. He died in 1916, 20 months after Kitty had died.  
    Notes for biography Descendants :
    * It would be great to make direct contact with Samuel's descendants to share information - they may have other stories and/or be interested to learn some of what we have been able to put together. People's need for privacy is respected by the use of intermediaries.
    * Of the 5 children of Samuel and Susannah, only two (Alfred and Edward) survived to full adulthood and only Edward had any children. Of Edward's and Gladys's two children, only one (Elizabeth) survived to adulthood and she had three children.
    * So the direct line of descent from Samuel (and Susannah) rests solely on these three children, one of whom is Timothy who would probably now be in his sixties. There are only 2 entries for T Moran in the Victorian phone book.
    * Samuel has many indirect descents through his step-children :-
    > The grandchildren of Shylie Katharine Rymill, nee Blue :-
    > The children of Henry Way Rymill and Alleyne Joan, nee Downer
    > The children of Henry Way Rymill and Barbara Murray, nee Randell
    > The children of William Seaton Rymill and Margaret, nee Monfries
    > The children of Edward Gordon 'Tom' Rymill and Dorothy Gladys, nee Washington
    > It is not known whether or not Sinclair Blue or Archibald Blue ever had any children.
    > John Andrew Gooding's children - unknown
    > Lydia Maria Gooding's 10 children ? Colleen Keenan is a GG granddaughter.
     
    Notes for biography Sources:-
    * "Dictionary of Australian Biography", Serle, G (1949) - or by Bray?
    * "The Life of Chief Justice Way", Hannan, AJ (1960): Adelaide
    * "Cyclopedia of South Australia" (1901)
    * "A History of Craft Masonry in South Australia 1884-1934" (1976): Adelaide
    * "The Masonic Grand Masters of Australia", Henderson, K (1988): Melbourne
    * "S.A.'s Greats - the men and women of the North Terrace plaques", Healey, J (2002): Adelaide
    * "The regret of Sir Samuel Way", Parkinson, A (1995): Australian Journal of Legal History
    * 'First Among Equals' by Emerson.
    * 'Lawmakers and Wayward Whigs' by Castles & Harris.
    * Wikipedia
    * Centre of Australian Homeopathic History
    * Burkes Peerage and Baronetage, 1915, p 2047
    * Obituary - The Advertiser, 12th Jan 1916, p8
    * Obituary - The Brisbane Courier, 12th Jan 1916, p8
    * Hannan, A. J., C. M. G., Q. C., The Life of Chief Justice Way, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1960.
    * Emerson, Dr. John, First Among Equals, University of Adelaide Barr Smith Press, Adelaide, 2004, pp 11?56.
    * Bible Christine Magazine
    * freemasonarysaust.org
    * Sir Samuel Way - Biographical information about Sir Samuel Way, who became Chief Justice of South Australia in 1876. His father Rev. James Way of Willunga, held services at the Bible Christian Church, McLaren Vale - 3 pages - Local History file, Noarlunga Library
    * Way, Samuel Local History.- Articles in Ian Auhl filing cabinet ? 1853 - Burra School Community Library
    *



     
    Notes for biography Summary :
    * Samuel was born in 1836 in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England. He migrated to South Australia when he was 17 years old.
    * He started work as article clerk in a law firm, became a lawyer at 26 years, and within a few years he owned the firm which became the leading lawyers in Adelaide. He became a Queens Council at 35 years and then, over the following decade he rose spectacularly in the life of South Australia - elected to parliament then became Attorney General, Chief Justice (for 40 years), Lieutenant Governor (for a total of almost seven years), Vice Chancellor and Chancellor of the university (xxxx years) as well as prominent in the development of the Adelaide Children's Hospital (chairman for 36?? years), Freemasons, Methodist church and the cultural and civic life of the colony.
    * He received many honours including a knighthood, and five doctorates. Many features are named after him, including a ward in Adelaide Children's Hospital, a statue near the university, a portrait in the Supreme Court, the city courts on Victoria Square are named 'Sir Samuel Way Building', Way Hall within the Adelaide Central Mission and Sir Samuel Way Masonic Lodge in Blackwood. There is a mount and uninhabited township in WA named after him.
    * He has been featured in several books including The Life of Chief Justice Way by Hannan, First Among Equals by Emerson, Dictionary of Australian Biographies by Bray, The Regret of Sir Samuel Way by Parkinson, and Lawmakers and Wayward Whigs by Castles & Harris.
    * At the same time that his career was rising spectacularly, he maintained a secret relationship with Susannah GOODING for two decades - they never married nor lived together, but they had five children. Susannah died when Samuel was 52 years old.
    * He married Kitty Gordon-Gollan when he was 62 years old. They did not have any children.
    * Samuel and Kitty were together for sixteen years before Kitty died and then he died less than two years later - in 1916 at the aged of 79 years. He was given a state funeral which was the largest funeral up to that time.
    * During his life he received many honours including a knighthood and five doctorates. Many features are named after him, including a ward in Adelaide Children's Hospital, a statue near the university, a portrait in the Supreme Court, the city courts on Victoria Square are named 'Sir Samuel Way Building', Way Hall within the Adelaide Central Mission and Sir Samuel Way Masonic Lodge in Blackwood. There is even a mount and uninhabited township in Western Australia named after him.
    These notes were compiled by Don Gordon. There are many other biographies including 'The Life of Chief Justice Way' by Hannan, 'First Among Equals' by Emerson, 'Dictionary of Australian Biographies' by Bray, 'The Regret of Sir Samuel Way' by Parkinson, 'Lawmakers and Wayward Whigs' by Castles & Harris and 'Wikipedia', Moore xxxxx
     
    Research required Questions for anyone to explore:-
    * When was Samuel first known as 'Sir Samuel'. (Note that Mt Samuel in WA was named in 1892)
    * Was Samuel's baronetcy hereditary - ie would his eldest son have taken on the title when after Samuel's death. If so, would it have made a difference if Samuel had been married to Susannah at the time of the birth of the son - or at some time after the birth. Ironically, Alfred, the eldest surviving son, became 'Sir Rowden' by his own efforts 45 years after Samuel died. Undoubtedly Samuel would have been very much aware of the inheritable nature of the title (Emerson comments that xxxx) and may have influenced his actions by xxxxx. On the other hand, what did it al mean to Alfred - for example, when he was excluded from a public role on the day of his father's funeral, did it cross is mind that I might have been abler to be called a 'Sir' today. And did he see the irony on the day he was eventually awarded his own knighthood.
     
    Residence Residences :
    * 'Montefiore' North Adelaide - a two-storeyed mansion known for its elegant character set within a glorious garden. It was Sir Samuel's home for 40 years. It is now single story Aquinas College.
    * 'Sea View' - a farm near Noarlunga. Samuel purchased this early in his career - or it might have been 'given' (check this). The family used to holiday there (check this). His father lived in Noalunga - but probably not at 'Sea View'. Kitty's brother worked there for a while (check this).
    * 'Kadlunga' near Mintaro. Samuel had a sheep stud on this property (check this)


     
    Will In the Library of South Australia - PRG 30/62 The 'Will of The Right Honourable Sir Samuel James Way Baronet. Lieutenant Governor and Chief Justice', dated 2nd July 1914. The document consists of 8 pages plus cover sheet. Also included is an affidavit of the executors for probate (date 24 January 1916) and signed by Eustace B. Grundy of Grundy & Pelley, Solicitors, and a cover sheet and statement. See also PRG 30/32 for probate papers and BRG 261/2/52 (Bonnin & Partners) for another set of papers.
    * Estate : Samuel's estate was valued for probate at £55,000 (gross). There were thirty-five beneficiaries, the most considerable legacy going to his widowed sister; his library of 15,000 volumes was willed to the university. Way's voluminous, shrewd and candid letter-books are in the Mortlock Library of South Australiana. It is said that his sister burnt his personal diaries.
    * Post-obit bonds : Samuel arranged for 2,500 pounds (plus interest) to be paid to Alfred and Edward after his death. A post obit bond is a certificate of debt (usually interest-bearing or discounted) that is issued by a government or corporation in order to raise money; the issuer is required to pay a fixed sum annually until maturity and then a fixed sum to repay the principal. This definition does not match what the circumstances between Samuel and his sons. This is surprising - why was the arrangement referred to as a post obit bond whereas it could have been named something which better matches what actually occurred?
    * "SIR SAMUEL WAY'S WILL. The will of the late Chief Justice affords another illustration of the catholicity of spirit and breadth of sympathy so strikingly displayed in the manifold activities of his busy and useful life. Few men have crowded more work into their brief span of earthly existence than did Sir Samuel Way, or have spread their energies over a wider range of interests. He seemed to have has finger on the pulse, not of the State alone of which he was such a distinguished citizen, but of the throbbing life of the world. The many-sidedness of the man is reflected in his last will and testament, and so, too, are his public spirit and benevolence. Out of a total estate sworn not to exceed £55,000, he has left sums aggregating no less than £8,000 to public institutions and charities. To these generous bequests are added the valuable gifts of a magnificent and costly library and a particularly choice collection of pictures and other works of art. During the whole of his long career Sir Samuel Way was a collector of books, and his carefully chosen library is one of the evidences of his wide and liberal culture. He loved his books, which to him were not mere furniture but friends. In his will he has remembered many of the institutions with which he was associated either by personal service or through the medium of financial assistance rendered by him during his lifetime. Naturally the University, of which he was for so long a time the Chancellor, had a strong hold on his affections. It was in connection with that seat of learning that one phase of his intellectual nature found a congenial means of expression. He had a passion for knowledge, especially when it is systematised and regulated according to the principles which make it a powerful factor in contributing to the individual or the communal welfare. From the University the law, of which he was such a brilliant administrator, is now drawing its exponents, and that created an additional link between him and the academic institution. His bequest to the Children's Hospital may be taken as representing his deep interest in all efforts for the amelioration of suffering, while his broad sympathy with religious work is indicated by his gifts to several churches widely divergent in their forms of government and ecclesiastical ideals. As an eminent Freemason, a supporter of the British and Foreign Bible Society, and an advocate of missions, he has, in the division of his estate, acted consistently with the principles which guided him in life. His cs the will of a true philanthropist and a man of culture whose "sweetness and light'' were manifested in a nature at once simple, generous, and refined." (ref : Adelaide Advertiser, 22nd January 1916, p 8)

     
    Died 8 Jan 1916  North Adelaide Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I1  Samuel WAY
    Last Modified 6 Nov 2018 

    Father James WAY,   b. 17 Jun 1804, Morchard Bishop, Devon, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Aug 1884, Noalunga, SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Mother Jane WILLIS,   b. Oct 1811, Chatham, Kent, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15/5/1878, North Adelaide, SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Married 6 Aug 1833  St Nicholas's Church, Rochester, UK Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Family ID F3  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Unknown UNKOWN 
    Last Modified 6 Nov 2018 
    Family ID F239  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Susannah Mary GOODING (WHITE),   b. 4 Dec 1842, Campbelltown, Tas Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1888, Carlton, Vic Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years) 
    Wedding There was no wedding or public acknowledgement of their relationship. 
    Children 
     1. James Samuel GOODING,   b. 16 Jul 1869, Hobart, Tas Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1895, East Melbourne, Vic Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 25 years)
     2. Frank Brook GOODING,   b. 4 Oct 1872, Hobart, Tas Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1902, Fitzroy St, Melbourne, Vic Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)
     3. Alfred Edward Rowden (Sir Rowden) GOODING (WHITE),   b. 5 Nov 1874, Hobart, Tas Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Jan 1963, Toorak, Vic Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years)
     4. Florence Elizabeth Jane GOODING (WHITE),   b. 9 Jan 1877, Hobart, Tas Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1880, Blue Tier, Tas Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 3 years)
    +5. Edward Roden GOODING,   b. 14 Nov 1881, Hobart, Tas Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Jul 1958, Toorak, Vic Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
    Last Modified 20 Aug 2016 
    Family ID F1  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Catherine Gillon ('Kitty') GORDON,   b. 8 Apr 1854, Larbert, Stirling, Scotland, UK Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 May 1914, 'Montefiore', North Adelaide, SA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Married 11 Apr 1898  Residence of Mrs Beach, Prospect, SA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children of the marriage Kitty and Samuel were 44 and 62 at the time of their wedding. At that time Kitty's children were 16, 19, 21 & 22 years old so may have been part of the household at Montefiore for at least a few years - especially in the case of 16 year of Shylie whose own wedding was 8 years later.
    Kitty and Samuel did not have any children. Some on-line genealogies recorded that they had a son, Donald Gollan WAY, but there are no other indications that this is the case - so it is disregarded unless there is anything new to support this. 
    Wedding * Their wedding was almost 10 years after Susannah's death and 19 months after Billy's death.
    * There are no details of how Kitty and Samuel met or how long they had known each other.
    * In a speech Samuel gave in 1903 (ref : Register xxxx) he mentions that he had fallen in love with Kitty ?when she was still a child?. (ref Emerson, p29)
    * 15 years before their wedding Kitty was Samuel?s guest at Montefiore in 1883 on 3 occasions ? a total of 24 days in October and November. (ref : Emerson, p29)
     
    Wedding Kitty and Samuel were married on 11th April 1898 in the residence of Mrs Beach, Prospect (ref : Australian Marriage Index - page 139, vol 195)
    Kitty was 44 years old and Samuel was 62 years old.
     
    Last Modified 7 Sep 2016 
    Family ID F2  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    The township of Sir Samuel.pdf
    The township of Sir Samuel.pdf

    Documents
    Will of Sir Samuel Way - in effect, this newspaper article is an obituary.docx
    Will of Sir Samuel Way - in effect, this newspaper article is an obituary.docx

    Stories
    2.21 - Paternity
    2.21 - Paternity
    Why we are confident that Samuel Way was the father of five of Susannah Gooding’s children? - v2
    2.22 - Enigma
    2.22 - Enigma
    The relationship between Susannah Gooding & Samuel Way - v2
    2.24 - Shropshire sheep - who first brought them to Australia
    2.24 - Shropshire sheep - who first brought them to Australia
    There are competing claims about Shropshire sheep - with connections with the Way, Gordon & Maidment families.
    (By Don Gordon, updated in June 2019)
    2.20 - Tales of Two Women
    2.20 - Tales of Two Women
    Sir Samuel Way was a prominent figure in the colony of South Australia as it became part of the new Commonwealth of Australia. The two women were with him at different stages of his career and they had very different experiences with him. Firstly, his secret relationship with Susannah Gooding and their five children, while his career was rapidly growing. And then the public adoration of his relationship with Kitty Gordon at the peak of his career at the very centre of Adelaide high society.
    (Biography by Don Gordon - updated June 2019)

  • Sources 
    1. [S7] Clive Challis - UK - ID 351 on this website - more details are on his website on ancestry.com.

    2. [S1] Australian Marriage Index, page 139, vol 195.